Science


“Nothing has such power to broaden the mind as the ability to investigate
systematically and truly all that comes under thy observation in life.” – Marcus Aurelius

Students must take three years of science at Cambridge Prep -- one year each of a biological science, a laboratory science, and a physical science -- typically satisfied by biology, chemistry, and physics. Advanced Placement courses are available in chemistry, environmental science, and physics.

Science


Biology
Biology is a year-long, laboratory course designed for students with demonstrated English proficiency. The class serves as a cursory introduction to various topics in life science such as cells, genetics, cellular respiration, photosynthesis, evolution, and taxonomy. Students will also learn the fundamentals of laboratory techniques such as using compound microscopes, measuring reaction rates, and dissecting various specimens. Through out the course, students will conduct scientific experiments and present their findings through a well-constructed lab report. Our goal is to endow them with a deep sense of inquiry of the living world.

Sheltered Biology
Sheltered Biology is a year-long, laboratory course designed for students with developing English proficiency. Students in sheltered biology will receive accommodated instructions while learning the same materials that students in regular biology would. The class serves as a cursory introduction to various topics such as cells, genetics, cellular respiration, photosynthesis, evolution, and taxonomy. Students will also learn the fundamentals of laboratory techniques like using compound microscopes, measuring reaction rates, and dissecting various specimens. Through out the course, students will conduct scientific experiments and present their findings through a well-constructed lab report. Our goal is to endow them with a deep sense of inquiry of the living world.

Immersion Science
Immersion Science is a year-long course designed for students with working English proficiency. The class serves a dual purpose: to facilitate the growth of their English vocabulary while exposing them to different topics in science. The class will cover topics in biology, chemistry and physics. Students will also be introduced to working in a laboratory setting and conducting scientific experiments. At the same time, there will be an emphasis on growing their reading, writing, and listening abilities. Our goal is to prepare the immersion students for higher level science courses in the years to come.

Advanced Placement Biology
Advanced Placement Biology is designed to be the equivalent of a two-semester college introductory biology course usually taken by biology majors during their first year. The course covers molecules, cells, heredity, evolution, organisms, and populations. Descriptive and experimental laboratory exercises provide the maximum opportunity for students to learn a variety of skills and those facts, principles, and concepts of general biology covered in lectures, reading, and discussion. The ultimate goal is for students to develop an understanding of the interweaving relationships between biology and our world.

Chemistry
This is a two semester science course intended to give students a foundation in the fundamental principles of chemistry which characterize the properties of matter and how it reacts. Traditional laboratory techniques are used to obtain, organize, and analyze data. Conclusions are developed using both qualitative and quantitative procedures. Topics include, but are not limited to: measurement, atomic structure, electron configuration, the periodic table bonding, gas laws, properties of liquids and solids, solutions, stoichiometry, reactions, kinetics, equilibrium, acids and bases, and nuclear chemistry. Through many activities students will demonstrate how theory is applicable in laboratory and real life situations. Students will develop good methods of problem solving and proper laboratory technique.

Chemistry Honors
This is a two semester science course covering the fundamental principles of chemistry which characterize the properties of matter and how it reacts. Traditional laboratory techniques are used to obtain, organize, and analyze data. Conclusions are developed using both qualitative and quantitative procedures. Topics include, but are not limited to: measurement, atomic structure, electron configuration, the periodic table bonding, gas laws, properties of liquids and solids, solutions, stoichiometry, reactions, kinetics, equilibrium, acids and bases, organic chemistry, and nuclear chemistry. The main goal of this course is to provide a solid foundation in the study of matter and its changes. Through many activities students will demonstrate how theory is applicable in laboratory and real life situations. Students will develop good methods of problem solving and proper laboratory technique. While the topics are similar to those in Chemistry, they are covered with more rigor and depth in Chemistry Honors.

Advanced Placement Chemistry
Advanced Placement Chemistry provides students with a foundation to support future advanced course work in chemistry. Through inquiry-based learning, students develop critical thinking and reasoning skills. Students cultivate their understanding of chemistry and science practices as they explore topics such as: atomic structure, intermolecular forces and bonding, chemical reactions, kinetics, thermodynamics, and equilibrium.

Physics
This is a two-semester physics course intended to prepare students for college physics. The first semester is mainly the study of mechanics and waves; the second semester includes topics in electromagnetism, heat, and optics. Although the understanding of concepts is essential, the emphasis is on applications and problem solving based on the concepts. Laboratory experiments are integrated within the course, allowing for hands on exploration of physical concepts. Measurement, instrument use, and data taking are reinforced. Students learn to conjecture and base their conclusions on their interpretation of their data with consideration for physical limitations of the instruments used and the effects of the surrounding environment.

Physics Honors
This is a two-semester physics course intended to prepare students for college physics. The first semester is mainly the study of mechanics and waves; the second semester includes topics in electromagnetism, heat, and optics. Although the understanding of concepts is essential, the emphasis is on applications and problem solving based on the concepts. Laboratory experiments are integrated within the course, allowing for hands on exploration of physical concepts. Measurement, instrument use, and data taking are reinforced. Students learn to conjecture and base their conclusions on their interpretation of their data with consideration for physical limitations of the instruments used and the effects of the surrounding environment. While the topics are the same as in Physics, they are covered with more rigor and depth in Physics Honors.

Advanced Placement Physics 1
Advanced Placement Physics 1 is the equivalent to a first-semester college course in algebra-based physics. The course covers Newtonian mechanics (including rotational dynamics and angular momentum); work, energy, and power; and mechanical waves and sound. It will also introduce electric circuits.

Advanced Placement Physics 2
Advanced Placement Physics 2 is the equivalent to a second-semester college course in algebra-based physics. The course covers fluid mechanics; thermodynamics; electricity and magnetism; optics; and atomic and nuclear physics.

Advanced Placement Physics C: Mechanics
Advanced Placement Physics C: Mechanics is equivalent to a first semester college course in calculus-based physics. The course covers each of the following six content areas: kinematics; Newton’s laws of motion; work, energy and power; systems of particles and linear momentum; circular motion and rotation; and oscillations and gravitation. Students are required to have taken or be concurrently taking AP Calculus AB or AP Calculus BC.

Advanced Placement Physics C: Electricity and Magnetism
Advanced Placement Physics C: Electricity and Magnetism is equivalent to a second semester college course in calculus-based physics. It covers each of the following five content areas: electrostatics; conductors, capacitors and dielectrics; electric circuits; magnetic fields; and electromagnetism. Students are required to have taken or be concurrently taking AP Calculus AB or AP Calculus BC.

Anatomy and Physiology
This yearlong course covers many topics related to the physiology of the human body. Using hands-on labs and project-based learning, students will learn how to apply accurate descriptive, directional, anatomical, and physiological terminology to the human body and its organization. Students will build their knowledge base by knowing how to identify the organization of cells, tissues, organs, and systems in the body, while illustrating how the body systems work together to maintain homeostasis. Students will learn how to identify major biochemical components of living things in terms of DNA and energy transfer. By the final unit in the course, students will be able to analyze and understand the components and function of each body system.

Advanced Placement Environmental Science
Advanced Placement Environmental Science provides students with the scientific principles, concepts, and methodologies required to understand the interrelationships of the natural world, to identify and analyze environmental problems both natural and human-made, to evaluate the relative risks associated with these problems, and to examine alternative solutions for resolving or preventing them.

Directed Study in Science
Students wishing to pursue advanced work in the study of science may propose a directed course of study. Potential courses of study include organic chemistry, astronomy, robotics, and electronics.

We also offer sheltered content classes in science for students for students whose native language is not English. These classes offer the same content as our regular academic classes but are taught with a pedagogy designed for English language learners.